"Its pretty clear that the construction industry generates the most business and corruption cases in the U.S. Locally based companies know each other, and if they all get along, they can make more money. Its a pattern that occurs all over.
"There are infinite ways to defraud the government and others of money. Crimes do not have to involve government dollars; its a crime to rig bids on a private job too. This is how business is done. Its epidemic. How do we find out? Its usually the odd man out, disgruntled employees, ex-spouses or whistleblowers who tell us about crimes. Id like to see more whistleblowers come forward.
"We have an amnesty program. If three contractors rig bids and we investigate, the guy who comes to us first and blows the whistle gets amnesty, provided he is not the ringleader. But it only goes to one. The first one to come to us gets the get out of jail free card. Using amnesty has generated billions of dollars in cases. Usually if an investigation begins, one cartel member will get nervous. The question always is: How much do they trust their co-conspirators?
"Prequalification can set the stage for bid rigging because it is a barrier to entry and limits competitors. Including a non-collusion clause in a contract goes a long way. It puts procurement people on notice.
"The defense in every case is we were just trying to stay in business. But in every case, they werent making 6 to 8% margins, more like 25%. They get addicted to the extra return and dont want to stop. Money is the worst opium."