Output Expands, But Nonresidential Investment Falters As US Economic Malaise Continues in Q2
Real gross domestic product (GDP) expanded 1.2% at a seasonally adjusted annual rate during the second quarter of 2016, according to recent Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) data.
This modest figure follows a 0.8% annualized rate of output growth registered during the year’s first quarter.
Nonresidential fixed investment, a category closely tied to construction and other forms of business investment, fell for a third consecutive quarter, slipping 2.2% from the first quarter, with investment in structures declining 7.9%.
Residential investment fell for the first time since the first quarter of 2014. Nonresidential investment in equipment fell 3.5% for the quarter, while nonresidential fixed investment in intellectual property expanded 3.5% and has now expanded for 12 consecutive quarters.
“Construction industry stakeholders should not have been anticipating a solid GDP report, given previous weak construction spending and employment numbers that were recently released—and they did not get one,” says Anirban Basu, chief economist for the Associated Builders and Contractors.
“This report suggests that construction activity has stalled a bit more than [previously] thought, largely due to slowing residential investment growth and low levels of public-sector investment. With apartment rents no longer rising in a number of markets, the nation’s apartment-building boom has taken a bit of a pause,” he says.
“Only those [firms] who sell directly to consumers, and certain technology firms are likely to glean some sense of satisfaction from this data,” says Basu. “The balance of the economy continues to disappoint, though the lack of inventory building during the second quarter may help position the economy for a bounce-back during the third.
“It will be interesting to see if ABC’s Construction Backlog Indicator begins to show that average nonresidential construction firm backlog is now in decline, though many contractors continue to indicate that they remain busy due to previously secured work,” Basu says.
“It should be noted that the 7.9% decline in spending on structures during the second quarter transpired despite some very positive economic circumstances,” he adds. “For instance, interest rates remain shockingly low, foreign investment continues to pour into U.S. commercial real estate, and there are positive wealth effects being generated by both housing and equity markets.
“However, it appears that even these conditions are no longer enough to support a growing demand for construction spending. One could theorize that uncertainty originating from the current presidential election cycle is partially responsible,” Basu says.
The following highlights emerged from the second-quarter BEA data. All growth figures are seasonally adjusted annual rates:
- Personal consumption expenditures expanded 4.2% on an annualized basis during the second quarter of 2016 after growing 1.6% during the first quarter of 2016.
- Spending on goods rose 6.8% during the first quarter after expanding by 1.2% during the previous quarter.
- Real final sales of domestically produced output increased 2.4% in the second quarter after increasing 1.2% in the first.
- Federal government spending inched down by 0.2% in the year’s second quarter after contracting 1.5% in the first quarter of 2016.
- Nondefense government spending increased by 3.9% for the quarter following an increase of 0.9% in the first.
- National defense spending fell by 3% during the second quarter after registering a 3.2% decline in the previous quarter.
- State and local government spending fell by 1.3% in the second quarter after expanding 3.5% in the first quarter.