February Construction Starts Advance 2% Nationwide
At a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $706.4 billion, new construction starts in February rose 2% from the previous month, according to Dodge Data & Analytics. This was the second straight monthly increase, following a 15% hike in January, as construction starts regained the upward track following four consecutive monthly declines to close out 2016.
Much of February’s advance came from a strong performance by the public works sector, led by the start of a $1.4-billion natural gas pipeline in Ohio, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, plus an improved level of highway and bridge construction. The electric utility and gas plant category also strengthened with the start of two large power plants and a major transmission line project.
At the same time, nonresidential building made a partial retreat after its strong January performance, yet still remained slightly above its average monthly pace during 2016.
Residential building in February also settled back, due to a slide for multifamily housing. During the first two months of 2017, total construction starts on an unadjusted basis were $98.5 billion, down 4% from the same period a year ago, which included elevated amounts for the often-volatile manufacturing plant and electric utility and gas plant categories.
Excluding manufacturing plants and electric utilities and gas plants, total construction starts during this year’s January-February period would be up 7% compared to last year.
The February statistics produced a reading of 149 for the Dodge Index (2000=100), compared to an upwardly revised 147 for January. The improved volume of construction starts during the first two months of 2017 also compares favorably to the 137 average for the Dodge Index during last year’s fourth quarter, as well as the 146 average for the full year 2016.
“The first two months of 2017 provide evidence that construction starts are still trending upward, even with the loss of momentum that occurred towards the end of 2016,” said Robert A. Murray, chief economist for Dodge Data & Analytics.
“The subdued performance by public works and electric utilities in recent months had restrained the level of total construction starts, so their improved activity in February is a welcome development,” Murray added.
“Also welcome during the first two months of 2017 is the strength shown by nonresidential building, and especially its institutional segment. While nonresidential building settled back in February, its January amount had been lifted by the start of the $3.4-billion Central Terminal Building project at LaGuardia Airport in New York City and several other large airport terminal projects,” Murray said.
“In February, nonresidential building was still 2% higher than last year’s average pace, aided by the start of the $1.2-billion terminal building portion of phase one of the $1.8-billion South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and the $1-billion Chase Center sports arena and office complex in San Francisco that will be the home of the Golden State Warriors basketball team.
“Earlier, the institutional portion of nonresidential building had joined the construction expansion in 2014, after a five-year decline, but then basically plateaued during 2015 and 2016. The strength shown by institutional building so far in 2017 suggests that it will now make a more substantial contribution towards keeping the upturn for nonresidential building going,” Murray said.
Nonbuilding construction in February jumped 35% to $167.7 billion (annual rate), reporting its highest level of activity in eight months. The public works categories as a group climbed 24%, continuing to strengthen after a 37% rise in January that followed weak activity in December.
The miscellaneous public works category, which includes pipeline work and airport runways, advanced 29% in February. Providing much of the lift was the $1.4-billion Leach and Rayne Express Natural Gas Pipeline in Ohio, West Virginia and Pennsylvania, plus the $200-million Dominion Leidy South natural gas pipeline in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.
Also contributing to February’s miscellaneous public works gain was the $283-million airport runway portion of the South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and the $267-million earthquake safety program in Oakland to upgrade the Transbay Tunnel portion of the BART mass transit system. Highway and bridge construction in February surged 38% after four months of decline that saw the level of construction starts fall by 29%.
Supporting the February increase for highways and bridges were the $457-million Georgia State Road 400 & I-285 Interchange project in the Atlanta metropolitan area and the $210-million roadway portion at Orlando’s South Terminal C project. In February, the top five states in terms of the dollar amount of highway and bridge starts were Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, Pennsylvania and Michigan.
Also rising in February was sewer construction, increasing 33%, with the boost coming from the $415-million EchoWater effluent pumping station in Elk Grove, Calif.
Registering declines in February were river and harbor development, down 6%; and water supply construction, down 47%.
The electric utility and gas plant category in February increased 113% after a lackluster January, helped by the start of the following projects: an $869-million natural gas-fired power plant in Louisiana, a $717-million wind-power facility in Texas and a $635-million transmission line project in Minnesota.
Nonresidential building, at $238.5 billion (annual rate), dropped 9% in February following its 18% January gain. The institutional categories as group were down 14%, after soaring 42% in January due to the push coming from the start of the $3.4-billion Central Terminal Building at LaGuardia Airport, plus other airport terminal projects at San Francisco International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport.
Although transportation terminal work in February was down 62%, the latest month did include the start of the $1.2-billion terminal building portion of the South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and a $163-million terminal modernization project at Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport.
Also retreating in February was the public buildings category (courthouses and detention facilities), down 30% following its improved January amount.
On the plus side, the amusement and recreation category surged 101% in February, reflecting the $562-million sports arena portion of the Chase Center project in San Francisco.
Educational facilities in February grew 12%, helped by the start of three university projects—a $218-million facility that’s part of New York University’s Greenwich Village expansion in New York City, a $150-million school of engineering and applied sciences in Allston, Mass., for Harvard University; and a $113-million facility at the University of Nebraska in Omaha.
Health care facilities in February improved 4% and included the start of the $127-million Precision Cancer Medicine Building at the University of California San Francisco and the $126-million Sloan Kettering Cancer Center outpatient treatment facility in Uniondale, N.Y. The religious building category in February grew 25% after a weak January.
The commercial side of the nonresidential building market dropped 11% in February, pulling back after its 12% January gain. Office construction fell 40% following its strong January performance, although the latest month did include the start of several noteworthy projects, such as the $361-million office portion of the Chase Center project in San Francisco, the $240-million Coda building in Atlanta, and the $93-million office portion of a $155-million mixed-use building in New York City.
February declines were also reported for commercial garages, down 17%; and hotels, down 3%. On the plus side for commercial building, February gains were reported for warehouses, up 47%; and stores, up 7%. The warehouse category was lifted by the start of two United Parcel Service distribution centers, located in Salt Lake City ($125 million) and Atlanta ($120 million).
The manufacturing building category in February jumped 147% after a weak January, reflecting the start of a $985-million refinery modernization in Richmond, Calif., and a $100-million Mercedes Benz van manufacturing facility in North Charleston, S.C.
Residential building in February slipped 3% to $300.2 billion (annual rate). The decline was due to a 23% retreat for multifamily housing, which follows 24% growth over the previous two months. February featured five multifamily projects valued at $100 million or more, compared to 13 such projects that reached groundbreaking in January.
The large multifamily projects in February included a $173-million apartment building in New York City and the $160-million multifamily portion of a $175-million multifamily and retail building in Miami.
Through the first two months of 2017, the top five metropolitan areas in terms of the dollar amount of multifamily starts were New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington, D.C., and Atlanta.
Single-family housing in February grew 5%, moving upward for the fifth straight month after receding during last year’s third quarter. By region, single-family housing in February showed growth in all five major regions relative to January—the Midwest, up 12%; the South Central, up 6%; the West, up 4%; the South Atlantic, up 3%; and the Northeast, up 2%.
The 4% slide for total construction starts on an unadjusted basis for the first two months of 2017 compared to last year was the result of mixed behavior by major sector. Nonbuilding construction year-to-date fell 31%, with public works down 3% and electric utilities and gas plants down 71%.
Residential building year-to-date receded 1%, with multifamily housing down 20% while single family housing grew 9%. Nonresidential building was the one major sector to report a year-to-date gain, climbing 21%, with institutional building up 62%, commercial building down 3%, and manufacturing building down 32%.
By geography, total construction starts for the January-February period of 2017 showed two regions with year-to-date declines: the South Central, down 26%; and the Midwest, down 4%.
Total construction year-to-date gains were reported for the South Atlantic, up 4%; the West, up 7%, and the Northeast, up 8%.Additional perspective is obtained by looking at 12-month moving totals, in this case the 12 months ending February 2017 versus the 12 months ending February 2016, which lessens the volatility present in comparisons of just two months. On this basis, total construction starts were up 2%.
By major sector, nonbuilding construction dropped 12%, with public works down 4% and electric utilities and gas plants down 30%. Residential building was up 4%, with multifamily housing down 2% while single-family housing grew 7%. Nonresidential building increased 10%, with institutional building up 16%, commercial building up 12% and manufacturing building down 23%.
By geography, the 12 months ending February 2017 showed this pattern for total construction starts—the South Central, down 13%; the Northeast, down 2%; the Midwest, up 5%; the South Atlantic, up 10%; and the West, up 11%.