(Illustration by Guy Lawrence for ENR)

It’s a win-win,” says Felicia Sara Moore-Jordan, a supervisor’s aide who explained the requirement to phase in taller, more efficient machines as a prerequisite for continuation of a conditional-use permit at a cost to operators estimated by the board at about $540 million. Operators also must shut down 2% of the deadliest turbines as determined by a 2004 California Energy Commission study, remove "derelict" non-operating turbines and perform phased-in seasonal shutdowns during the winter when the wind power is the lowest and the most birds are flying through the hills. Operators testified that the last two actions would reduce wind production by 9% and cost them $3.7 million.

The bombings could lead Congress to rethink cuts in security funds for mass transit. At ENR press time July 12, the Senate was debating the 2006 funding bill for the Dept. of Homeland Security. Earlier, the Senate Appropriations Committee had agreed to slash the bill’s mass transit security funds by $50 million to $100 million.

According to a survey of U.S. transit agencies conducted by the American Public Transportation Association last year, $6 billion is needed for extra transit security. Since 9/11, the U.S. public transportation industry has received only $250 million in such funding, APTA says.

Chertoff said July 7 the department was "reviewing intelligence streams and informa tion out of London very closely" and would continue to provide regular updates to the public. He said the U.S. had received no "specific...information suggesting an imminent attack here."

The heightened alert applies to regional and inner city passenger rail, subways and metropolitan bus systems. In major cities such as New York City, Chicago and Washington, D.C., police and bomb-sniffing dogs were increasing random inspections of city buses and patrols of subways. Chertoff also called for more perimeter barriers, spot-tests, video surveillance and inspection of trash receptacles and storage areas. He added that "we are not suggesting that people avoid public transportation systems."


The half-dozen owner/operators of 5,400 wind turbines in the Altamont Wind Farm east of Livermore, Calif., have been given 13 years by Alameda County supervisors to repower using bird-friendly technology at one of the oldest, largest and deadliest wind farms in the world.