U.K. corruption officials late last month levied fines totaling $207 million against 103 British construction firms for bid-rigging. The Office of Fair Trading had found the firms guilty in April 2008 of interfering with a total of 199 bids between 2000 and 2006. The average penalty was $2 million, or 1.14% of the group’s global sales. A unit of Kier Group plc, Sandy, received the largest fine: $28.6 million. Subsidiaries of London-based Balfour Beatty plc must pay $8.3 million, a sum that was reduced 50% because the firms cooperated in the corruption probe. About 86 of the firms had fines
Arch dams, classically curved monoliths situated in narrow valleys, are not as common as other types of dams, such as embankment dams and gravity dams. ENR takes a look at some of the biggest arch dams in the world, both completed and under construction.