Libya has embarked on an ambitious course to build an extensive rail system that will offer both passenger and freight service. The major east-west route will parallel the coast, ultimately stretching 2,300 km from Ras Ejder on the border of Tunisia to Umm Sa’ad on the border of Egypt. Separate contracts have been awarded to Russian and Chinese contractors to complete certain segments. Since 2008 RZD (Russian State Railway) crews have been building a 554-kilometer Surt-to-Benghazi segment, which involves four major stations and 24 minor stations. The project is expected to take four years at a cost of $3 billion.
The former Soviet nation of Kazakhstan is ramping up completion of EXPO 2017—a futuristic megaproject estimated to cost between $3 and $5 billion that will showcase global energy efficiency and boost the host’s global profile
Cover photo by Neelam Mathews in Astana, Kazakhstan