The recession has cut U.K. civil engineers’ salaries for the first time in seven years, according to a new survey by the Institution of Civil Engineers, London. Last year’s basic average income fell 0.3%, to $75,000. Lower salaries did the worst, with the bottom 10% falling 6%, while the top 10% rose 1.2%. Top executive basic pay fell 1.7%, to $131,000 on average. Compared with the U.K., average basic salaries were higher by 18% in Hong Kong and by 31% in the Emirates.
Arch dams, classically curved monoliths situated in narrow valleys, are not as common as other types of dams, such as embankment dams and gravity dams. ENR takes a look at some of the biggest arch dams in the world, both completed and under construction.