With federal stimulus spending running out, the U.S. Congress in budget gridlock, and state and local governments cutting back on spending, public construction is expected to be the weakest sector in 2012. McGraw-Hill Construction forecasts public-works starts will decline another 5% next year, following a 16% drop in 2011 and a 4% dip in 2010. Likewise, institutional-building starts will decline 2% next year, after falling 15% in 2011, 2% in 2010 and 14% in 2009.
Arch dams, classically curved monoliths situated in narrow valleys, are not as common as other types of dams, such as embankment dams and gravity dams. ENR takes a look at some of the biggest arch dams in the world, both completed and under construction.